25 Plants & Herbs You Can Propagate from Cuttings
25 Plants & Herbs You Can Propagate from Cuttings
Plants can be propagated in a number of ways. The most used methods of propagation is definitely propagating plants from cuttings. Rooted cutting is one of the simpler techniques, often come to maturity faster, bearing flowers and fruits much earlier than seedlings.
Example: It take few years to grow English Holly (from seeds), into a great sized bush with red berries. If you not knew that English Holly is having separate male and female plants, after years of waiting, you may end up with a male plant that bears no berries.
The good news about plants grown from cuttings is that the cuttings are exact clones of the parent plant, so you know exactly what you’re growing, which is not the same with seed-grown plants.
That’s the reason why a lot of gardeners prefer to grow new plants from cuttings despite that they can be easily grown from seeds.
The best part is that a single plant can give you plenty of cuttings without jeopardizing its health. Plus it can be fun, you can exchange cuttings with your gardening friends.
You need to know which plants are sterile, because they do not make viable seeds. Such plants can be propagated only by cuttings or some other method of vegetative reproduction like division, layering, grafting or tissue culture.
For successful propagation you should done the cuttings at the right time.
There are various types of cuttings depending on the age of the stems from which they are taken:
Softwood cuttings: Taken in May-June from new shoots that appeared that season.
Semi-ripe cuttings: Taken in June – August from slightly matured stems of that season, they may take a bit longer than softwood cuttings to take root, but the warmth of the summer months helps with root growth.
Hardwood cuttings: Taken in autumn and winter from mature stems, they are ready for planting in next spring.
Root sections: Some plants such the sumac and the Californian tree poppy are easier to grow from root cuttings than stem cuttings.
Leaf cuttings: Many plants can grow from whole leaves, but begonias or snake plant can be propagated from sections of the stem.
Most herbs can be grown from tip cuttings:6-8 inches long cutting from the growing tip of the stem is taken just below a node.
Helping The Rooting Process
Preparing The Cuttings
The cuttings need to be stripped away from the lower leaves before sticking them in the rooting medium. Cuttings of some fleshy stems should be kept aside overnight to form a callus, a layer of dry scar tissue at the bottom end.
The second step – a good rooting medium that keeps the cut end constantly moist is necessary. A combination of peat moss and sand/perlite is good enough for holding enough moisture while allowing good drainage.
Note: Do not add any fertilizer to the mix.
Regular misting and watering
The cuttings should not be allowed to wilt. Keep on misting the top portion and water the medium regularly, but ensure drainage. Water-grown roots are relatively fragile, so good care should be taken while transplanting them into soil.
Covering the pot with plastic helps provide a warm, humid atmosphere ideal for growth.
Hormones can be used to ensure greater success with rooting, but are only necessary with some plants that are difficult to root. An infusion of willow branches can help with rooting.
Here Are The Best Plants To Grow From Cuttings
In autumn take 4-inch semi-ripe basal cuttings and pot up. Keep the rooting medium warm throughout winter and transplant in spring.
You can grow several varieties of thyme from tip cuttings taken in summer and inserted into some moist potting medium.
Cuttings taken at any time of the year should kept in a warm, protected place out of direct sun.
Take 3-5 –inches long tip cuttings in spring from new growth.
Root a few cuttings directly in individual pots covered with a plastic dome.
Take 3-inch tip cuttings in early spring and root them in a cold frame.
Transplant the rooted plants into garden beds after 4-6 weeks.
Note: In summer heeled cuttings can be taken for spring planting the following year.
Lift the root in spring and cut into 3-inch sections.
Plant them a foot apart directly in the garden bed.
Take root cuttings in either spring or fall.
Directly plant in a deeply worked bed.
Cover with mulch.
Note: Its roots grow deep into the soil and bring up the nutrients.
Cut off young leaves with 2-3 inches of leafy stalk.
Insert the stalk of each leaf into a tray of moist compost and sand.
Keep the tray moist and warm and in brightly lit area.
You only need a single leaf of Rex Begonia to grow these big-leaved beauties.
Make a few slashes on the prominent veins on the underside of the leaf.
Lay it on a moist bed of peat moss and sharp sand in equal proportions.
Weight the leaf down with a few pebbles so that the cut edges remain in contact with the bed.
Keep in a warm, well-lit place.
Snake plant (Sansevieria)
You can thus make a large number of plants from one parent plant.
2-3 inch sections of the leaf can be used to make new plants.
Note: The only problem with this method of propagation is that the new plants will not carry the original variegation. Sections of rhizomes should be planted to retain the variegation.
Aluminum plant (Pilea cadierei)
Take tip cuttings with 3-4 nodes. Strip the lowest pair of leaves and trim the stem at that node. Insert into moist rooting medium and keep in a warm place. Keep the medium moist at all times until new growth appears.
Growing tips, as well as side shoots, arising from the axils of leaves on this plant, will result in new plants. Water the plants very well before snipping off growing tips with 2-4 nodes. Remove the lower leaves and stick into some moist rooting medium. You can insert the cuttings into bottles of plain water, but water-grown plants need extra care while transplanting.
6-8 inches long cuttings can be rooted. It only helps if the parent plant is allowed to wilt slightly prior to taking the cuttings.
Withdraw water for a week.
Then take the cuttings 12 hours after watering the plant.
Note: The rehydrated stems take root more easily.
There is a large variety of philodendrons with attractive leaf patterns and colors. The good thing is that all of them are easy to grow from cuttings. Tip cuttings with 2-3 nodes are the easiest to root because they start growing from the tip as soon as the roots form, sometimes even earlier.
Jade plant (Crassula)
If you have one plant, you can make several with stem cuttings taken almost any time of the year.
Take 3-4 inch long cuttings with a sharp blade and keep them aside for a 7 days.
Insert the cuttings in a well-draining potting mixture used for succulents.
Water occasionally, allowing the potting mix to become nearly dry in between.
Chinese evergreen (Aglaonema spp.)
Keep the soil evenly moist, not wet.
Mist the leaves to keep them hydrated until new roots can supply water.
Make 3-inch long sections of the stem and lay them horizontally into a tray of moist peat-sand mix.
Cover the sections with sand and enclose the tray in clear plastic until new shoots start to push through the plastic.
Dumb cane (Dieffenbachia spp.)
Pot up in individual containers and keep in a warm and well-lit.
Cut off the remaining bare canes 2 inches above the soil line.
Divide these canes into 3-inch sections.
Place in rooting trays containing peat and compost.
Keep covered until shoots come up.
Ti plant (Cordyline spp.)
Take 1 to 1 ½ ft long growing tips and trim off the lower leaves.
Insert into potting mixture in individual pots.
Keep them in a warm place near a bright window.
If any part of the cane is left over, cut it into sections 8-10 inches long.
Mark the bottom end of each section by giving it a slanted cut.
Fragrant Corn plant (Dracaena fragrans)
Fragrant Corn plant is closely related to Ti-plant, so the propagation method is very similar.
Insert cuttings with 3 pairs of leaves into a moist compost-sand mix.
Keep covered with plastic to provide humidity and warmth.
To get flowers in the same season you should plant them out in summer.
Take 4-inch long tip cuttings carrying 3-4 pairs of leaves.
Remove the lowest pair and trim the stem closer to the node.
Insert into moist rooting medium.
The,cover with plastic sheet.
Note: Trim the larger leaves by 3/4th to reduce water loss through evaporation.
In autumn, take 10-12 inch cuttings from a female, bush and wound the bottom one inch. Dip in rooting hormone powder and pot up in some moist rooting medium. Finally, cover with plastic sheeting and keep indoors.
Californian tree poppy (Romneya sp.)
Dig up some roots in winter.
Cut them into 3-inch sections.
Lay them horizontally on a tray of moist sand-compost mix.
Cover with a glass until shoots appear.
You should wait until summer to plant them outside.
You can plant out a 12-inch long hardwood cuttings of pencil thickness in autumn and water the cuttings thoroughly until winter.
You can take 5-inch long softwood cuttings in late spring and pot up, keeping under a plastic cover and plant out in autumn. Alternatively, take hardwood cuttings in fall. Root them and overwinter them in a cold frame, until they can be planted outside next spring.
If you enjoyed this article, don’t forget to share it with your friends and family. Thanks.